PEER INFLUENCE PERTAINING TO ACADEMIC OVERALL PERFORMANCE AND

SOCIALIZATION AMONG TEENAGERS: A MATERIALS REVIEW

by simply

Nicole Jessica Howard

A Research Paper

Published in Partially Fulfillment

with the Requirements pertaining to the

Expert of Scientific research Degree

With a Major in

School Mindset

Approved Two Semester Credit

_____________________________

Investigation Advisor

The Graduate Institution

University of Wisconsin-Stout

May possibly, 2004

ii

The Graduate School

School of Wisconsin-Stout

Menomonie, WI 54751

SUBJECTIVE

_________Howard__________Nicole_______M. _________________________ (Writer) (Last Name)

(First)

(Initial)

Peer Influence With regards to Academic Performance and Socialization Among__ (Title)

Adolescents: A Literature Review______________________________________ School Mindset

(Graduate Major)

Dr . Sue Swanson

(Research Advisor)

May/2004_____ 30__________

(Month/Year) (No. of Pages)

Distribution Manual of the American Internal Association, Fifth Edition___ (Name of Style Manual Used in This Study)

Adolescents have always been confronted with peer effect, but the types of peer influence that they come across have improved tremendously before years. Colleagues can effect everything from what an adolescent chooses to wear to whether or no adolescent partcipates in drug related or different delinquent tendencies. This is an essential topic since if contemporary society and education related pros understand the concerns surrounding negative peer impact, they are more likely to prevent it and be even more adequately willing to help a teen facing bad aspects of expert pressure. This research is a review of the existing literary works on the confident and bad aspects of peer influence between adolescents with regards to academic overall performance and socialization. Directions intended for future study and significance for professional practice can also be included.

iii

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Site

Abstract………………………………………………………………………….. 2 CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION……………………………………………1 SECTION TWO: BOOKS REVIEW

So what do Peer Teams Provide for Adolescents?........................................ 5 Details of Peer Relations ……………………………………………….. almost 8 Similarity and Socialization ………………………………………………9 Motivation and Academic Overall performance ………………………………... 11 Gender and SES Differences……………………………………………. 12 Positive Peer Influence …………………………………………………. 13 Peer Group Developmental Phases for High-Risk Youth……………….. 12-15 What Brings about Negative Expert Groups?... ………………………………... 17 Fighting Negative Peer Pressure…........................................................ 18 Summary…………………………………………………………………20 SECTION THREE: OVERVIEW AND DISCUSSION

Limitations of Literature Review………………………………………... 22 Effects for Upcoming Research………………………………………... 22 Implications for Professional Practice…………………………………... 23 Summary…………………………………………………………………24 REFERENCES………………………………………………………………….. 26

Peer Impact 1

CHAPTER ONE

ADVANTAGES

Adolescence can be described as time of alteration in many aspects of an individual's life. In the midst of these rapid physical, emotional, and social improvements, youth continue to question adult standards plus the need for parent guidance. It is additionally a time for those to make crucial decisions about their commitment to academics, family, and perhaps faith. Young adults begin to ask questions such as, " Is school crucial to me? ” and " How do I need to spend my time? ” The choices that adolescents make regarding their reason, engagement, and achievement at school (and in life) plus the satisfaction they will obtain from their choices hinge, in part, for the context through which they make this sort of choices (Ryan, 2000).

Teachers, parents, and peers most provide children with suggestions and responses about what they should think and exactly how they should respond in interpersonal situations. These models can be a source of motivation or a lack thereof. Modeling refers to individual within cognition, behavior, or results that derive from the...

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adolescents

Dark, S. (2002). When students push previous peer affect. The Education Digest, 68, 3136.

Brown, B. B., Brackets, N., Lamborn, S. G., & Steinberg, L. (1993). Parenting techniques and

peer group affiliation in adolescence

Burns, A., & Darling, N. (2002). Peer pressure is not peer influence. The Education

Absorb, 68, 4-6.

Castrogiovanni, Deb. (2002). Teenage life: Peer teams. Retrieved January 24, 2004, from:

http://inside.bard.edu/academic/specialproj/darling/adolesce.htm

Cohen, J. M. (1977). Sources of peer group homogeneity. Sociology of Education, 50,

227-241.

Cohen, J. M. (1983). Peer influence about college goals with first aspirations

manipulated

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incidence of psychosocial concerns

Fischhoff, B., Cromwell, D. A., & Kipke, M. (Eds. ) (1999). Teenage decision making:

Significance for reduction programs

Gagasan, K., Parkerson, J., Haertel, G. Deb., & Walberg, H. T. (1981). Expert group impact on on

educational outcomes: A quantitative synthesis

Landau, A. (2002). Peer groups and academic outcomes. Recovered January 24, 2004,

by:

Lingren, L. G. (1995). Adolescence and peer pressure. Retrieved January 24, 2004, from:

http://www.ianr.unl.edu/pubs/family/nf211.htm

Ryan, A. M. (2000). Peer teams as a circumstance for the socialization of adolescents'

inspiration, engagement, and achievement in school

Ungar, M. T. (2000). The myth of peer pressure. Adolescence, 35, 167-180.

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function of parents and peers in the leisure activities of youthful adolescents

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